Everyone has their own requirement of daily vitamins and minerals. When people have inadequate daily foods, they will have insufficient nutrients to their body. Even, when they have enough daily foods, they might still have nutritional disorder, if the foods do not provide enough vitamins and minerals to their body. Currently, there are around 2 billion people suffering from micronutrient deficiency conditions in developing and in developed countries, according to WHO (2000). Malnutrition has globally become health problem. Surprisingly, undernutrition is a primary cause of death of 2.6 million children each year (source).
Malnutrition is related closely to disease. When it happens at early age, it will affect the development of children’s mentality and physical. As for pregnant women, malnutrition can cause difficulty in producing nourishing breast milk, or even worst, miscarriage (WFP). There are some vitamins and minerals like iron and vitamin D that become essential for daily nutrient intake. Lack of vitamin D leads to osteoporosis and bone fractures. Also, vitamin D deficiency can cause life-threatening or permanently handicapped towards elderly people (TH Tulchinsky, 2010).
Tulchinsky (2010) said ,”Vitamin supplementation is needed for infants, children up to adolescence, women in the age of fertility (iron, folic acid), middle-aged women (vitamin D), the elderly (vitamin D), patients in chronic care facilities (vitamin D), and patients with chronic diseases (e.g., HIV/AIDS) among others. Food supplements and fortification are used to supplement dietary intake and ensure adequate amounts of nutrients vital to a healthy life.” Recently, WHO’s Member States set a global targets for improving maternal, infant and young child nutrition and are committed to monitoring progress (WHO,2014).