Magnesium has a pivotal role in various organs and body parts, especially during pregnancy. Magnesium supplementation during pregnancy is likely to reduce the occurrence of many pregnancy complications. This is the result from a randomized controlled study of 180 pregnant women.
The study was conducted by scientists at the Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in Iran. The participants were divided into three groups of sixty pregnant women. The participants in control group A had a magnesium level of 1.9 mg/dl or more and received a multimineral tablet once a day until the end of pregnancy. Group B had a magnesium deficiency and they also received one multimineral tablet per day. Participants in group C, also with magnesium deficiency, received a 200 mg effervescent tablet and a multimineral tablet containing 100 mg magnesium once a day for a month until the end of pregnancy.
Subsequently various pregnancy complications were compared, including fetal growth retardation, premature birth, the birth weight, high blood pressure during pregnancy, pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, Apgar-score and leg cramps. Group C showed the best results in all pregnancy outcomes. There were significantly fewer complications than in the other two groups.
According to these results and the findings of other researchers, it must be said that magnesium supplement during pregnancy can reduce the chance of many complications during pregnancy. The researchers believe that the use of the correct dose of magnesium plays a crucial role in the treatment of unwanted pregnancy disorders and the prevention of premature birth and pregnancy poisoning.